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Periodontal Disease

19 S Broadway White Plains, NY 10601 • (914) 948-0088

Periodontal Disease

Periodontics is the treatment of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is a specific kind of progressive gum disease that develops slowly over a long period of time. Periodontal disease can affect anyone in any walk of life. There are many signs that periodontal disease is developing. Your dentist can help you in identifying the disease in progress. If you have already been diagnosed with periodontal disease, periodontics treatment can help significantly.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Primarily, periodontal disease is often caused by insufficient oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing after each meal are the main things that people can do to help prevent periodontal disease from developing. Studies show that people who have insufficient oral hygiene habits tend to develop periodontal disease over time.
The second practice to prevent periodontal disease is to have routine dental exams on a regular basis. Dental exams allow your dentist to detect early warning signs of periodontal disease, and to refer patients to a periodontics specialist as needed

How the Periodontal Disease Forms

The oral cavity is rife with bacteria in one form or another. This bacteria feeds and grows on the food and beverages that we consume. As the bacteria grows in number, plaque buildup can occur, which you can detect yourself. This is the sticky substance on teeth that you feel when you wake up in the morning. If this plaque isn’t removed with brushing and flossing, it can harden on your teeth like cement.

Mouth bacteria also thrive on plaque. As plaque hardens, it becomes impossible for you to brush away with a regular toothbrush. This is when periodontal disease can begin to develop. At this stage, the services of a periodontics doctor are necessary to intervene in the development of periodontal disease.

What are the Signs of Periodontal Disease?

There are several signs of the existence of periodontal disease, including:

  • Gum recession — where the gums recede and leave more of the tooth visible
  • Bone loss – determined with X-rays
  • Shifting of teeth – where teeth shift from their original position
  • Denigration of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth – similar to gum recession, but where the gum actually disintegrates

Mouth bacteria also thrive on plaque. As plaque hardens, it becomes impossible for you to brush away with a regular toothbrush. This is when periodontal disease can begin to develop. At this stage, the services of a periodontics doctor are necessary to intervene in the development of periodontal disease.

There are several tools and treatments available for periodontists to use in combating periodontal disease in patients. These treatments include scaling and root planing, as well as prescriptive antibiotics. Antibiotics include injections, topical and oral rinses.

If you undergo professional treatment for periodontal disease and follow the guidelines of your periodontist, the chances are good that you can recover from periodontal disease.

What is Scaling & Root Planing Treatment?

Scaling is a procedure that periodontists use to scale the plaque and calculus below the gum tissue line. The periodontist works with specialized tools that are specifically designed to remove hardened, calcified deposits on teeth. The tools may consist of a metal instrument or an ultrasonic scaler.

After the scaling treatment, the periodontist may proceed to root planing. This is a treatment where the periodontist smooths the tooth at the root. Root planing makes it harder for bacteria to grow on the roots in the future. Root planing is also instrumental in helping gum tissue to heal and reattach to teeth. This helps to shrink pockets, thereby reducing the potential for future infection.

Periodontists recommend scaling and root planing when patients exhibit certain symptoms and conditions during the course of a dental visit. One thing that dentists check for is the size of pockets surrounding the teeth. Using a tool, the dentist measures each tooth pocket, or loose area around the tooth and below the gum line. Other signs that scaling and root planing may be needed include receding gums, in the treatment of periodontal disease, chronic halitosis, and inflamed or bleeding gums. 


If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, the sooner you get treatment, the better your recovery outlook. Contact us today to schedule your appointment.

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